Step 002. Ini dan Itu dan Disana | This and That and There

Penasaran gimana caranya mendeklarasikan kata “Ini adalah buku” atau “Itu adalah sepatu” atau yang lainnya?
Ever wonder to declare a sentence like “This is a book” or “That is a shoes” etc in Korea language?

Singkat aja nih, dalam bahasa Korea tetap ada tiga macam bentuk penyebutan.
Just a few explanation, there is three ways of declaration about pointing stuffs.

Yaitu | They are:

이 [i]

–> Digunakan pada saat kalian menyebut benda yang dekat dengan kalian. Dalam konteks ini sangat dekat atau benda yang kalian pegang.
–> Usually used when you pointing an object that near you. Or the object that you touch or hold.

그 [geu]

–> Digunakan pada saat kalian menyebut benda yang agak jauh dengan kalian tapi tidak terlalu jauh, atau dengan kata lain masih bisa teraih. Atau benda yang dekat dengan lawan bicara kalian.
–> Used when you pointing an object that far from you but still can reach or something that near your friend that conversate with you. And this one can be used when you mention something that not exactly there.

저 [jeo]

–> Digunakan untuk menyebut benda yang jauh baik dari kalian dan lawan bicara kalian.
–> Used when you mention a thing that far away from both of you and your friend

Ketiga bentuk ini digunakan untuk menjelaskan posisi suatu benda, jadi setelah ketiga kata diatas seharusnya diikuti kata benda. Biasanya kata benda yang mengikuti adalah:
This three form is to pointing or mentioning or describing a thing, so after this form usually followed by a pronouns. That is:

거 [geo] / 것 [geot]

Bentuk ini digunakan ketika tidak ada benda spesifik yang disebut.
This form used when there is no specific object or thing that been mentioned.

Aplikasinya | The application :

이 + 것 = 이것 [i-geot] atau 이거 [i-geo] = Benda (yang) ini | The thing over here.
그 + 것 = 그것 [geu-geot] atau 그거 [geu-geo] = Benda (yang) itu | The thing over there.
저 + 것 = 저것 [jeo-geot] atau 저거 [jeo-geo] = Benda (yang) disana | That thing that over there far away.

Contohnya | Ex :

이가방[i-kabang] = Tas ini. | This bag.
그구두 [geu-gudu] = Sepatu itu. | That shoes.
저사람 [jeo-saram] = Orang yang disana. | That person over there .

Terus, gimana caranya menyebut : Ini adalah buku. Itu adalah air. Disana adalah rumah.
Then how to say: This is a book. That is water. That is a house over there.

Dalam bahasa Korea ada akhiran yang berfungsi sebagai penekanan sebuah topik dari kalimat. Untuk yang ini kita akan pelajari nanti, saya cuma kasih garis besarnya saja.
In Korean there is a topic marking article that emphasize what you will talk about. You will learn it later, i just give some easy example.

이것은책이에요 [i-geoseun-chaek-i-e-yo] / 이거는책이에요 [i-geo-neun-chaek-i-e-yo] = Ini adalah buku. | This is a book.
그것은물이에요 [geu-geoseun-mul-i-e-yo] / 그거는물이에요 [geu-geo-neun-mul-i-e-yo] = Itu adalah air. | That is water.
저것은집이에요 [jeo-geoseun-jib-i-e-yo] / 저거는집이에요 [jeo-geo-neun-jib-i-e-yo] = Disana adalah rumah. | That is house over there.

atau lebih singkatnya | or the short form :

이거책이에요 [i-geo-chaek-i-e-yo]
그거물이에요 [geu-geo-mul-i-e-yo]
저거집이에 [jeo-geo-jib-i-e-yo]

Saya rasa cukup sekian untuk kali ini. Semoga bisa dipahami. Kalau ada pertanyaan layangkan via twitter @llkorean ^^ Semangat belajar!
I think that’s enough for now, i hope you all understand. If you have question please ask via twitter. Happy learning! ^^

note:
가방 [kabang] = Tas | Bag
구두 [gudu] = Sepatu | Shoes
사람 [saram] = Orang | Person
책 [chaek] = Buku | Book
물 [mul] = Air | Water
집 [jib] = Rumah | House

About llkorean

It is an account for giving tutorial about Korean vocabs, grammars and stuff. Written in Indonesia and English. Author not very fluent in Korean, instead she is still on 2nd level, but she really wants to share and learn together with you :) LET'S LEARN TOGETHER! :D
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