Step 001. Kata kerja identifikasi | Identification verb.

Kata kerja ini digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi seseorang atau sesuatu.
This verb is used to identify someone or something is.

—ㅂ니다 / —습니다 [-mnida / -seumnida]
Untuk memperjelas sesuatu/seseorang dalam bentuk sopan. Bentuk pertama ketika sebuah kata berakhir dengan huruf vokal dan yang kedua digunakan ketika huruf berakhir dengan konsonan.
To declare something in a polite way. The first one is when a word ended in vowel and second one when a word ended in consonant.

—ㅂ니까? [-mnikka?] and —습니까? [-seumnikka?]
Bentuk kalimat tanya dalam bahasa sopan. Biasanya digunakan ketika berbincang dengan orang yang tak dikenal atau yang lebih tua.
This is the question form in polite way. Usually use when we talk with unknown person or the elders one.

Contoh | Ex :
안녕하십니까? [annyeonghashimnikka]
Halo, apa kabar? | Hello, how are you?

젛습니다 [Johseumnida]
Baik-baik saja. | I am okay.

Ini adalah bentuk dasar dari seluruh kalimat di bahasa Korea dalam bentuk sopan. Jika ingin menggunakannya dalam bentuk kasual cukup mengubah bentuk diatas menjadi –에요 [-eyo] (jika kata berakhiran konsonan) atau –세요 [-seyo] (jika berakhir dalam vokal)
This is the basic form of Korean language in polite way. If you want to use a casual form one just change that forms into –에요 [-eyo] (if ended in consonant) or –세요 [-seyo] (if ended in vowel).

Perlu diperhatikan jika ingin membuat kalimat tanya dalam bahasa kasual, cukup mengubah intonasi suara menjadi lebih merendah di akhir (verbal) atau cukup menambahkan tanda baca ‘?’ (tertulis).
Note this, if you want to make a question word in casual way, just change your intonation when you talk lower, or just write ‘?’ when you write.

Contoh | Example :
A: 안녕하세요. 이름이 뭐에요? [annyeonghaseyo. ireumi mwoeyo?]
B: 제 이름은 _____ 이에요. [je ireumeun _____ ieyo.]

A : Halo. Siapa namamu? | Hello. What’s your name?
B : Namaku adalah_____ | My name is _____

note:
안녕하세요 [annyeonghaseyo] means Halo | Hello
이름 [ireum] means nama | name
뭐에요? [mwoeyo?] means ‘apa’ | ‘what is ~ ?’

ps:
Dalam bahasa Korea, subjek tidak disebut.
In Korean, subject will omitted. So…  I, You, He, She will not included in every conversation.

About llkorean

It is an account for giving tutorial about Korean vocabs, grammars and stuff. Written in Indonesia and English. Author not very fluent in Korean, instead she is still on 2nd level, but she really wants to share and learn together with you :) LET'S LEARN TOGETHER! :D
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