Perbendaharaan Bahasa Korea | Korean Basic Daily Phrases part II

1) Please to~ | Silakan (di/untuk)~ :
~주십시오 [~jushipshio] or
~주세요 [~juseyo]

Contoh | Example:

Sit down, please | Silakan duduk : 않주십시오 [anhjushipsio] / 않주세요 [anhjuseyo] <<from word = 않다 [anh-da] : duduk | to sit>>

2) Thank you || Terimakasih :
고맙다 [Gomapda] (polite | sopan)
고맙습니다 [Gomapseumnida] (formal)
고마워 [Gomawo] (casual)
감사합니다 [Gamsahamnida] (another form of thank you in formal form | bentuk formal lain dari terimakasih)

3) Sorry | Maaf :
죄송합니다 [Joesunghamnida] (formal)
죄송해요 [Joesunghaeyo] (casual)

For this case 죄송합니다 can be used as when you ask for permission. | 죄송합니다 digunakan untuk meminta perijinan (secara verbal)

Contoh kasus | Case example:
Ketika kamu tidak sengaja menabrak orang / melakukan kesalahan kepada orang lain maka ucapan yang harus diutarakan adalah 죄송합니다 | When you inaccidentaly bump to another person or make a mistake you said 죄송합니다

미안합니다 [Mianhamnida] (formal, another form of sorry | bentuk lain dari kata maaf)
미안해요 [Mianhaeyo] (casual)

For this case 미안합니다 used as when you say sorry because you make another person feel bad. | 미안합니다 digunakan ketika kamu meminta maaf karena telah menyinggung perasaan orang lain, atau sesuatu yang berhubungan dengan itu.

4) I understand | Saya mengerti:
알겠읍니다 [algesseumnida] (polite)
알아요 [arayo]—present tense. (casual)
알았어 [arasseo]—past tense. (casual)

In interrogative one | Dalam bentuk pertanyaan: (Did/Do you understand? | Apakah kau mengerti?)
알겠읍니까? [algesseumnikka?] (polite)
알았어? [arasseo?] (casual)

5) 5W + 1H

What? Apa?

무엇 [muot] (the basic)

뭐 [mwo]? << the most common use form | bentuk yang paling banyak digunakan.
뭐라구? [mworagu?] “what did you say?” | “apa yang kau bilang?”

Why? Kenapa?

왜 [wae]

Where? Dimana?

어디에입니까? [odieimnikka] (polite)
어디에? [odie?] (casual)

When? Kapan?

언제? [eonje?]

Who? Siapa?

누구십니까? [nugushimnikka?] (formal)
누구세요? [nuguseyo] (formal)
누구 [nugu?] (casual)

누가? [nuga] (casual)
^ Another form of Who? is a contraction from 누구 [nugu] + ㅡ가[ga] (particle). There’s never 누구가 [nuguga] form is used, there’s ‘nuga’
^ Bentuk lain dari Siapa? Kepanjangan dari 누구 [nugu] + ㅡ가[ga] (partikel). 누구가 sangat jarang dipakai, bentuk yang sering dipakai adalah ‘nuga’

How? Bagaimana?

어떻게? [eotteohke?] (formal)

How much?
얼마나? [olmana?] (formal)
얼마야? [olmaya?] (casual)

“How” will use differently depend the context | “Bagaimana” digunakan dalam bentuk berbagai macam sesuai konteks.

6) Hello? Halo? (on the telephone | di telepon)
여보세요? [yeoboseyo?]

7) Wait. Tunggu.
잠깐만 (기다리십시오) [jamkkanman (gidarishipsio)] (polite) << it can means “Please wait a while” | Bisa berarti “Tolong tunggu sebentar”
잠깐만요 [jamkkanmanyo] (casual)

8) Hurry up! Cepatlah!
빨 리! [pal-li]

note: Sometimes korean people like to use 8282 for saying Hurry up! Hurry up! because the pronounce is similar.

9) That’s okay. Tak apa.
괜찮습니다 [gwaenchanseumnida] (polite)
괜찮아요 [Gwaenchanayo] (formal)
괜찮아 [Gwaenchana] (casual)

note: Gen-Can-Ha << it is how you pronounce it | cara ngomongnya.

10) Here. Disini.
여기가 / 여기요 [yogiga / yogiyo] (formal)

There. Disana
저기가 / 저기요 [jeogiga / jeogiyo] (formal)

Usually this two forms used when you are at the restaurant and want to call the waitres. Somehow it means “Hey, you there! Come here!” | Biasanya bentuk ini digunakan untuk memanggil pelayan di restoran, yang juga memiliki arti lain “Pelayan yang disana, kemarilah!”

About llkorean

It is an account for giving tutorial about Korean vocabs, grammars and stuff. Written in Indonesia and English. Author not very fluent in Korean, instead she is still on 2nd level, but she really wants to share and learn together with you :) LET'S LEARN TOGETHER! :D
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One Response to Perbendaharaan Bahasa Korea | Korean Basic Daily Phrases part II

  1. wow! gomawo~
    Benar-benar membantu ^^

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