Perbendaharaan Dasar Korea – Ucapan Salam || Basic Korean Language – Korean Daily Phrases

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INDONESIA VERSION
*scroll to read the english version*
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Dalam percakapan kita pasti akan selalu mengucapkan salam, baik itu saat bertemu atau berpisah. Atau ungkapan-ungkapan sederhana lain seperti ‘Maaf’ ‘Permisi’ dsb.

Kali ini kita singkat aja mempelajari tentang ungkapan-ungkapan itu.

안녕하십니다 [an-nyeong-ha-sib-ni-da] /annyeonghasimnida/
> Halo. (ini adalah format paling sopan)

안녕하세요 [an-nyeong-ha-se-yo]
> Hai. (ini adalah format standar)

안녕하십니까? [an-nyeong-ha-sib-ni-kka] /annyeonghasimnikka/
> Halo, apa kabar? (format paling sopan)

안녕하세요? [an-nyeong-ha-se-yo]
> Hai, apa kabar? (bentuk pertanyaan dengan bentuk sebelumnya sama, tetapi dengan intonasi yang berbeda. kalau untuk pertanyaan seperti ini biasanya nadanya lebih turun pada akhir kalimat).

안녕. [an-nyeong]
> Kalau yang ini memiliki semua arti ungkapan salam: Hai, Selamat pagi/siang/malam, sampai jumpa. Kata ini lebih ke arah kasual.

만나서 반갑습니다 [man-na-seo ban-gab-seub-ni-da] /mannasopangabseumnida/
> Senang bertemu dengan Anda (sopan).

만나 뵈어 반갑습니다 [man-na bwi-eo ban-gab-seub-ni-da] /manna bwiyo pangabseumnida/
> versi lain dari ‘Senang bertemu dengan Anda’.

처음 뵙겠습니다 [cheo-eum bwib-get-seub-ni-da] /cheoeum bwibgesseumnida/
> versi lain dari ‘Senang bertemu dengan Anda.’

잘 지냈어? [jal ji-naess-eo] /jal jinaesso/
> Bagaimana kabarmu?

잘 있었어? [jal iss-eoss-eo] /jal isosseo/
> Baik-baik saja kah?

오랜만이에요 [o-raen-man-i-e-yo] /orenmanieyo/
> Lama tak jumpa.

—–

잘 잤어? [jal-jass-eo] /jaljasseo/
> Apakah kau tidur dengan baik?

좋은 아침이에요 [joh-eun-a-chim-i-e-yo] /joheun achimieyo/
> Selamat pagi. (dalam konteks ini menunjukkan bahwa cuaca pagi ini sangat bagus).

좋은 아침 [joh-eun-a-chim]
> Pagi. (sama seperti sebelumnya, dalam hal ini diucapkan pada saat cuaca sedang bagus; kalimat kasual).

안녕히 주무세요 [an-nyeong-hi-ju-mu-se-yo]
> Selamat tidur (sopan).

잘자 [jal-ja]
> Dah! / Met Tidur (kasual)

—–

실례합니다 [sil-rye-hab-ni-da] /silyehamnida/
> Permisi.

실례해요 [sil-rye-hae-yo] /silyehaeyo/
> Permisi. (kasual)

실례지만….. [sil-rye-ji-man] /silyejiman/
> Permisi,…. (biasanya diikuti dengan anak kalimat)

죄송합니다 [joe-song-hab-ni-da] /joesonghamnida/
> Maaf. (untuk meminta maaf)

죄송해요 [joe-song-hae-yo]
> Maaf (versi kasual)

미안합니다 [mi-an-hab-ni-da] /mianhamnida]
> versi lain ‘Maaf’ (sopan)

미안해요 [mi-an-hae-yo]
> versi lain ‘Maaf’ (kasual)

죄송하지만 [jeo-song-ha-ji-man]
> Maaf, tapi….. (diikuti dengan anak kalimat)

미안하지만 [mi-an-ha-ji-man]
> bentuk lain dari yang diatas.

nb:
*죄송하다 digunakan saat bercakap dengan yang lebih tua. 미안하다 lebih ke arah sebaya/lebih muda

잘못했어요 [jal-mot-haess-eo-yo] /jalmothaesseoyo/
> banyak digunakan saat kamu membuat kesalahan.

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ENGLISH VERSION
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In a conversation we will do greet like ‘Sorry’ ‘Excuse me’ or others…

We will learn about those stuffs.

안녕하십니다 [an-nyeong-ha-sib-ni-da] /annyeonghasimnida/
> Hello. (very polite)

안녕하세요 [an-nyeong-ha-se-yo]
> Hi. (polite)

안녕하십니까? [an-nyeong-ha-sib-ni-kka] /annyeonghasimnikka/
> Hello, how are you (very polite)

안녕하세요? [an-nyeong-ha-se-yo]
> Hi, how are you? (the same way you say ‘Hi’ before but different intonation; this is polite form).

안녕. [an-nyeong]
> All greetings meaning: Hi, Good morning/afternoon/nite, goodbye.

만나서 반갑습니다 [man-na-seo ban-gab-seub-ni-da] /mannasopangabseumnida/
> Glad to meet you.

만나 뵈어 반갑습니다 [man-na bwi-eo ban-gab-seub-ni-da] /manna bwiyo pangabseumnida/
> Glad to see you.

처음 뵙겠습니다 [cheo-eum bwib-get-seub-ni-da] /cheoeum bwibgesseumnida/
> Glad to see you. Another form.

잘 지냈어? [jal ji-naess-eo] /jal jinaesso/
> How are you?

잘 있었어? [jal iss-eoss-eo] /jal isosseo/
> Are you okay? (literally means ‘how are you’)

오랜만이에요 [o-raen-man-i-e-yo] /orenmanieyo/
> Long time no see.

—–

잘 잤어? [jal-jass-eo] /jaljasseo/
> Did you sleep well?

좋은 아침이에요 [joh-eun-a-chim-i-e-yo] /joheun achimieyo/
> Good day. (polite)

좋은 아침 [joh-eun-a-chim]
> Good day (casual)

안녕히 주무세요 [an-nyeong-hi-ju-mu-se-yo]
> Have a nice sleep.

잘자 [jal-ja]
> Bye! / G’nite.

—–

실례합니다 [sil-rye-hab-ni-da] /silyehamnida/
> Excuse me.

실례해요 [sil-rye-hae-yo] /silyehaeyo/
> Excuse me (casual)

실례지만….. [sil-rye-ji-man] /silyejiman/
> Excuse me, but……

죄송합니다 [joe-song-hab-ni-da] /joesonghamnida/
> I am sorry. (to ask apologize)

죄송해요 [joe-song-hae-yo]
> Sorry.

미안합니다 [mi-an-hab-ni-da] /mianhamnida]
> I am sorry (in other form)

미안해요 [mi-an-hae-yo]
> Sorry.

죄송하지만 [jeo-song-ha-ji-man]
> Sorry, but…

미안하지만 [mi-an-ha-ji-man]
> Sorry, but…

nb:
*죄송하다 is used to express one’s apology to people who’s older or higher position than the speaker.
미안하다 is for a person of the same age or someone who’s younger than the speaker.

잘못했어요  [jal-mot-haess-eo-yo] /jalmothaesseoyo/
is more commonly used when you’ve done something wrong or made a mistake.

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NICE VIDEO TO WATCH

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Basic Korean

About llkorean

It is an account for giving tutorial about Korean vocabs, grammars and stuff. Written in Indonesia and English. Author not very fluent in Korean, instead she is still on 2nd level, but she really wants to share and learn together with you :) LET'S LEARN TOGETHER! :D
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