Belajar Hangeul

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INDONESIA VERSION

Please scroll down for english version of this lesson.

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Apa sih ‘Hangeul’ itu? Seperti kebanyakan tulisan di Asia, terutama Asia Timur, mereka memiliki sistem alphabet sendiri-sendiri. Jika Jepang punya tulisan hiragana, katakana dan kanji; sementara China memiliki tulisan han; maka Korea memiliki Hangeul.

Hangeul diciptakan pada jaman kekuasaan Raja Sejong untuk mempermudah rakyatnya membaca dan tulis. Korea sendiri sebelum menggunakan hangeul mereka menggunakan tulisan Han. Jika dilihat dari penampakannya Hangeul sangat mudah untuk diingat secara mereka hanya terdiri dari ‘bulatan’ dan ‘garis sederhana’; cara baca juga tidak terlalu susah, butuh ketelatenan sehingga kita bisa mengucapkan dan mendengarkan dengan lancar. Hanya saja, satu yang membuat Hangeul menjadi rumit adalah ketika kita berusaha untuk meromanisasikannya.

Ada berbagai bentuk hasil romanisasi dari Hangeul sendiri, tapi hal itu ga penting saat ini. Pemahaman akan romanisasi pasti akan mengikuti sesuai level pemahaman akan baca-tulis hangeul sendiri. Namun sebagai pedoman silakan untuk membaca link berikut:

KOREAN ROMANIZATION

Untuk saat ini saya cuma bisa menjelaskan secara singkat bentuk dan cara baca dari hangeul sendiri. Untuk lebih jelas silakan mempelajarinya dari link berikut:

KOREAN WIKI PROJECT : LEARN HANGEUL

Disana diperjelas bagaimana cara membaca dan cara menulis, serta ada kuis untuk mengulang kembali ingatan kita. Sangat membantu loh.

Nah sekarang saya hanya memberikan uraian singkatnya, apa saja?

(1) Konsonan atau yang disebut ‘Ja-eum’ (자음), terdiri dari :

ㄱ [K/G]
ㄴ [N]
ㄷ [D]
ㄹ [R]
ㅁ [M]
ㅂ [B]
ㅅ [S]
ㅇ [-]
ㅈ [J]
ㅎ [H]

Konsonan Ganda

ㄸ [Tt]
ㄲ [Kk]
ㅆ [Ss]
ㅃ [Bb/P]
ㅉ [Jj]

Dan,

ㅋ [K’/Kh]
ㅌ [T’/Th]
ㅍ [P’/Ph]
ㅊ [C’/Ch]

(2) Vokal atau disebut juga ‘Mo-eum’ (모음)
ㅏ [A]
ㅣ [I]
ㅜ [U/WOO]
ㅔ [E]
ㅗ [O]
ㅐ [AE]
ㅓ [EO]
ㅡ [EU]
ㅘ [WA]
ㅟ [WI]
ㅞ [WE]
ㅝ [WO]
ㅙ [WAE]
ㅢ [EE]
ㅚ [OI]
ㅑ [YA]
ㅖ [YE]
ㅒ [YAE]
ㅠ [YU/YOO]
ㅛ [YO]
ㅕ [YEO]

Tapi masing-masing abjad tidak bisa berdiri sendiri. Bentuk ㅏtidak bisa dibaca [A] kalau tidak mendapat ‘teman’ sebelum huruf tersebut, dalam aturan standar untuk membaca [A] diperlukan ㅇ[-] sehingga menjadi seperti ini:

아 –> A
어 –> EO
오 –> O
우 –> U / WOO
으 –> EU
이 –> I / LEE (biasanya dibaca LEE ketika bentukan ini digunakan untuk nama marga seseorang)
애 –> AE
에 –> E

dst.

Contoh lain:

민우 [minwoo]

Namun kebalikannya, ㅇ bisa dibaca [–NG] jika pemakaian seperti ini:

앙 –> ANG
잉 –> ING
웅 –> UNG / WOONG
엥 –> ENG
옹 –> ONG
엉 –> EONG

Nah sekian dari saya, ini masih dasar dari cara tulis dan baca bahasa Korea. Seperti yang saya sudah sebut sebelumnya, silakan mengunjungi situs KOREAN WIKI PROJECT : HANGEUL untuk lebih mendalami, karena penjelasan akan sangat panjang tapi saya janji ga akan rumit ketika kita sudah paham (dan proses pemahamannya juga ga terlalu susah)😀

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ENGLISH VERSION

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What is ‘Hangeul’? Like any common written language in Asia, especially in East Asia, they have their own system of alphabets. If Japan has hiragana, katakana and kanji; while China has han; so Korea has hangeul.

Hangeul created in King Sejong’s era to make easier the citizens to read and write and communicate. Before, Korea use Han to write and communicate, fyi. If you see the form of Hangeul it look really easy to understand and write; contains of circle and simple strokes. The pronounciation itself isn’t very hard, it indeed needs patient to understand in order to be fluent. The only hard thing when you learn hangeul is when you need to romanized it.

There are many ways to romanize it, but it doesn’t matter for now, you can romanize it in most standard way when you already learn it advance-ly. But for your reference you can click this link:

KOREAN ROMANIZATION

As for now i can only describe the very standard form of write and read. If you want the intermediate and advance steps you can learn from this link:

KOREAN WIKI PROJECT : LEARN HANGEUL

There you can know how to read and write more detailed, and there is a quiz to review your skill. It can helps you a lot, really.

Nah, now i need to tell you the basic here, so what are they?

(1) Consonants or  ‘Ja-eum’ (자음):

ㄱ [K/G]
ㄴ [N]
ㄷ [D]
ㄹ [R]
ㅁ [M]
ㅂ [B]
ㅅ [S]
ㅇ [-]
ㅈ [J]
ㅎ [H]

Double Consonant:

ㄸ [Tt]
ㄲ [Kk]
ㅆ [Ss]
ㅃ [Bb/P]
ㅉ [Jj]

And another form:

ㅋ [K’/Kh]
ㅌ [T’/Th]
ㅍ [P’/Ph]
ㅊ [C’/Ch]

(2) Vowels or ‘Mo-eum’ (모음)
ㅏ [A]
ㅣ [I]
ㅜ [U/WOO]
ㅔ [E]
ㅗ [O]
ㅐ [AE]
ㅓ [EO]
ㅡ [EU]
ㅘ [WA]
ㅟ [WI]
ㅞ [WE]
ㅝ [WO]
ㅙ [WAE]
ㅢ [EE]
ㅚ [OI]
ㅑ [YA]
ㅖ [YE]
ㅒ [YAE]
ㅠ [YU/YOO]
ㅛ [YO]
ㅕ [YEO]

They can’t stand alone without combining each other. The ㅏ form can’t read as [A] if it doesn’t combined with other form. Such as ㅇ[-] so, it will be like these:

아 –> A
어 –> EO
오 –> O
우 –> U / WOO
으 –> EU
이 –> I / LEE (usually LEE read when it comes to people surname)
애 –> AE
에 –> E

etc.

Another example:

민우 [minwoo]

The reverse, ㅇ can read [NG], like these one:

앙 –> ANG
잉 –> ING
웅 –> UNG / WOONG
엥 –> ENG
옹 –> ONG
엉 –> EONG

So, that’s all from me. This is reallllyyyy the basic of all, like what i said before.. you can visit the link that i have put on the beginning to sharpened your skill, because the description is verrrryyyy long. But don’t worry it is not as difficult as it sounded. You can tell if you can understand. Hehehe.

Thanks for reading. I will comeback with another lesson.

About llkorean

It is an account for giving tutorial about Korean vocabs, grammars and stuff. Written in Indonesia and English. Author not very fluent in Korean, instead she is still on 2nd level, but she really wants to share and learn together with you :) LET'S LEARN TOGETHER! :D
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